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FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
Stem cells are cells that are able to proliferate (multiply into more stem cells) and to differentiate into various cell types. They may be of embryonic or adult origin.
Embryonic stem cells are able to turn into any type of cell in our organism, and can generate a complete human being. Adult stem cells are present in adult tissues and can originate specific cell types; their main function is to maintain tissue integrity throughout our lifespan and also to allow injury repair.
The difference between stem cells from the umbilical cord blood and from the baby teeth is their origin and function. Umbilical cord blood cells are of hematopoietic origin and can treat blood diseases. Dental stem cells are of mesenchymal origin; mesenchymal stem cells are found in many body tissues and are capable of producing bone, fat, cartilage, muscle and nerve cells.
Umbilical cord stem cells and dental stem cells are not interchangeable, since they have different features. Research indicates that umbilical cord blood stem cells are able to treat diseases affecting only the blood or the immune system, while dental stem cells have the potential to regenerate muscle, skin, cartilage, bone, liver, teeth, pancreatic beta cells, nervous tissue, adipose tissue, and cardiac tissue.
Several therapeutic models are currently being developed and tested, and they are increasingly safer and more predictable. However, the clinical application of scientific innovations depends on the establishment of protocols that are safe and accepted by regulatory agencies worldwide, thus allowing these therapies to be properly regulated and standardized.
Diseases treated with consolidated, recognized and standardized protocols:
Umbilical cord stem cells are used to treat various types of anemia, chromosomal diseases (such as beta thalassaemia), immunodeficiency diseases, leukemias, myelomas, and lymphomas, among other diseases and syndromes of the hematopoietic system. Importantly, therapies involving the transfer of hematopoietic stem cells in bone marrow transplants have been performed for more than 50 years.
Novel treatments being tested in clinical trials:
Therapies involving mesenchymal stem cells that have been or are currently being tested in clinical trials include: type I and II diabetes, acute myocardial infarction, chronic myocardial infarction, gene therapy (sickle cell anemia), metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD), Hurler syndrome, cleft lip and cleft palate, limb ischemia, wound healing optimization, bone diseases of genetic origin (osteogenesis imperfecta), osteoarthritis, cartilage regeneration and cartilage defects, osteonecrosis, osteoporosis, hepatic disease, neurological disorders, autoimmune diseases and ophthalmic disorders.
A therapeutic model that seeks to restore tissue or organ function by protecting their cellular integrity or by replacing damaged cells with healthy cells. Stem cells are an important source for cell replacement and can be transplanted directly to the injured area.
R•Crio will send you a report stating whether the stem cells collected were viable for expansion and whether that quality was maintained after expansion within 30 days. If the cells were not viable, the sample is discarded and a new collection can be scheduled; alternatively, we may refund 70% of the plan cost.
R•Crio believes future stem cell therapies will be able to treat many diseases that are currently not curable. Since dental stem cells are of mesenchymal origin, they have vast potential to differentiate into various tissues. Thus, by extracting and storing your child’s stem cells you will increase the possibility of treatment in case of future need.
There are a number of legal issues involving the transportation of biological material. As part of the contracted service, R•Crio will deliver the stem cells in any healthcare facility in Brazil at no extra cost. If the facility is located in another country, R•Crio cannot carry out the transportation for legal reasons. Still, R•Crio will give you all the legal and technical support necessary for the cells to be adequately transported.